Beating drums. Soulful singing. Dances that mezmerize and intrigue. These beautiful elements of a powwow combine to create a sense of celebration and community that must be seen in person to be truly experienced.

WHAT IS A POWWOW? A powwow or "wacipi" (Dakota, Lakota and Nakota for "dance" and prounounced wa-CHEE-pee) is a traditional Native American cultural celebration and social event that can last from one to several days. As practiced in the Plains region, the wacipi is a time when Dakota, Lakota or Nakota tribal people and families conduct honorings and giveaways. Friends meet, camp, visit and reconnect. During the summer months, the celebrations are usually held outdoors in shade or a covered area where the audience and dancers sit. The center area or arena is reserved for the dancing.

WHAT DOES A POWWOW CONSIST OF? Colorful finery, elaborate featherwork and intricate beadwork help make up the beautiful visual atmosphere of a powwow or wacipi. Spirited drumming and singing fills the air as dancers execute their fancy footwork. Attire worn by a dancer is called "regalia" and should not be referred to as a costume. Development of a dancer's regalia often takes years to create and may include gifts which have deep meanings.

WHAT KIND OF DANCING IS PERFORMED? Many of today's powwows feature competitions in categories such as traditional, fancy, and jingle-dress dancing. Dances are either for men or women, and competitions are divided into age categories. The dancers move in a clockwise direction, which represents the circle of unity and the never-ending cycle of life. Singers are usually under or adjacent to the shade or covered area between the audience and the dance arena. Powwow singers and drummers play a very important part in the celebration by providing rhythm for the dancers. They sing many types of songs, including those about honor and family, war and conquest, joy, encouragement, humor and mourning.

CAN I PARTICIPATE? During certain dances, spectators are sometimes invited to join. However, it's best to remain in the viewing areas unless specifically invited. When attending, please remember to be respectful and follow proper visitor etiquette

IS FOOD AVAILABLE? Vendors at powwows provide an opportunity for visitors to sample foods like Indian tacos, fry bread, and a delicious fruit sauce/jam called "wojapi" (wo-zha-pee).

WHAT POWWOWS ARE HELD IN SOUTH DAKOTA? Powwows are often held at the same time each year. However, it’s best to call ahead to verify dates and times. The list below is only a partial listing. For additional information about the events listed below and other powwows, visit the South Dakota Department of Tribal Relations website at SDTribalRelations.com or check our Events page. Make your plans today to catch the spirit at the many wacipi celebrations across the state!

Kenel Memorial Day Powwow
Late May, Kenel
701-854-8500 or 701-854-8718

Sisseton Wahpeton Wacipi
Early July, Sisseton
605-698-3911

Flandreau Santee Annual Traditional Powwow
Third weekend in July, Flandreau
605-997-3891 or 605-997-3512

Fort Randall Powwow
First weekend in August, Lake Andes
605-491-0489 or 800-365-6333

Oglala Nation Powwow and Rodeo
First weekend in August, Pine Ridge
605-867-5821

Kul-Wicasa Oyate Fair, Rodeo and Powwow
Second weekend in August, Lower Brule Fair Grounds
605-473-5561

Crow Creek Dakota Nation Wacipi
Third weekend in August, Fort Thompson
605-245-2221

Rosebud Fair, Rodeo and Powwow
Fourth Friday in August, Mission
605-747-2381

Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe Fair, Rodeo & Powwow
Late August - Early September, Eagle Butte
605-964-4155

Northern Plains Indian Art Market and Powwow
Mid-September, Sioux Falls
605-856-8193

Gathering of the Wakanyeja
Mid-September, St. Joseph Indian School in Chamberlain
605-734-3475 or 605-734-3300

Black Hills Powwow: He Sapa Wacipi Na Oskate
Early October, Rapid City
605-341-0925

Native American powwows